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Nam Cat Tien National Park Information


General Description The Cat Tien Biosphere Reserve is located in the south of Viet Nam within the Indo-West-Pacific biogeographic region. It extends from the Annamite Range moist forest in the north to the forests of the Mekong Delta Complex in the south. The majority of the area is covered mostly by a secondary evergreen forest, but also some primary evergreen forests, semi-evergreen forests, mixed forests, bamboo forests and wetlands are characteristic of the region. Cat Tien Biosphere Reserve, covering 257, 357 hectares in total, includes the Cat Tien National Park situated in the core area.
The 9, 570 inhabitants of the biosphere reserve can be divided into 11 ethnic groups who all live in the core area (2001). They are either lowland Viatnamese (Kinh), indigenous minorities (S’Tieng and Chau Ma) or recently migrated minorities from the north of Vietnam (e.g. Tay and Nung) and have their own land use strategies. For example, the indigenous people do shifting cultivation and migrants mostly make their living from fishing and hunting. A conservation project is currently underway with the aims of conserving the remaining tropical forest at Cat Tien and its biodiversity; maintaining a viable population of Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus) within the Cat Tien National Park; protecting a critical part of the water catchment of the Tri An reservoir; enhancing public awareness of the physical and biological values of the national park and its surroundings and improving income-generating opportunities for the local population.
Major ecosystem type Tropical humid forest
Major habitats & land cover types Primary evergreen forest characterized by Dipterocarpus alatus, D. dyeri, Hopea odorata, Shorea sp.; secondary evergreen forest with Dipterocarpus alatus, D. dyeri, Hopea odorata, Shorea sp.; semi-evergreen forest incuding Lagerstroemia calyculata, L. cochinchinensis, L. ovalifolia; mixed forest with bamboo (Bambusa balcooa and Diospyros mun), Mesua ferrea, Lagerstroemia sp. and Xylia sp.; bamboo forest dominated by B. balcooa and Diospyros mun; wetlands with Hydnocarpus anthelmintica and Ficus benjamica, Saccharum spontaneum etc.; agroecosystems with wet rice, coffee, pepper and cashew; pasture land; forestry systems
Location 11°34'N; 107°22'E
Area (hectares)
Total 257, 357
Core area(s) 73, 878
Buffer zone(s) 169, 269
Transition area(s) when given 14, 210
Altitude (metres above sea level) +100 to +626
Year designated 2001
Administrative authorities Cat Tien Biosphere Reserve Management Board and the Cat Tien Biosphere Reserve Council
Brief description Hydrology
Sedimentation in relation to different vegetation covers
Asian Elephant Survey
Rhinoceros DNA analysis
Fresh water fish survey
Water-related bird annual study
Photo-trap monitoring of Javan Rhinoceros
Small mammal survey
Sample plot for arthropod and tree biodiversity
Survey of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians
Participatory rural assessment and formulation of commune action plans
Medicinal plant survey
Specific variables...
Abiotic Hydrology, siltation/sedimentation.
Biodiversity Amphibians, biodiversity, birds, fishes, freshwater/inland water, genetic resources, invertebrates/insects/spiders, mammals, methodologies, natural medicinal products, plants, reptiles, wildlife.
Socio-economic Local participation.
Integrated monitoring Planning and zoning measures/Zonation, rural systems.

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