Top 5 famous ancient churches in Vietnam

Vietnam is a country heavily damaged by wars, but many architectural works are still preserved over the years, including the ancient churches that are over 100 years old and still intact the unique ancient architecture. These churches are not only a sacred place for people to pray but also a rare witness to history.
 

Top 5 famous ancient churches in Vietnam

 
1. Sa Pa stone church
Sa Pa stone church is a symbol of Sa Pa town, built in 1895, and now has 119 years of age. The church was built by the French with a unique architecture, located in the heart of Sa Pa town, on a favorable position with the rear of Ham Rong Mountain, the front is a large, flat area that can be used to develop many cultural constructions for social activities.

Standing on the four sides of the church, tourists can observe the monument, along with two other structures built by the French, the Chu Cau villa (the Hoang Lien hotel now) and the old district party committee (now the headquarters of Lao Cai Tourist Information Center), forming a symmetrical triangle with separate French-style architecture.
 
2. St. Joseph's Cathedral (Hanoi)
St. Joseph's Cathedral is ranked second in the top 5 most beautiful ancient churches in Vietnam. Built in 1887, the church is now 127 years old. The church is designed in the style of medieval Gothic architecture in Europe, very popular in the 12th century Renaissance in Europe and modeled after the Notre Dame Cathedral of Paris with curved, wide, and upward arches.

The large space inside the church is considered to be one of the most ancient and beautiful churches in Vietnam. The sanctuary is carved with a wooden pattern painted with golden veneer, and combined with the stained glass painting system.
 
3. Phu Nhai Church (Nam Dinh)
Phu Nhai Church, located in Xuan Phuong Commune, Xuan Truong District, Nam Dinh Province, is one of the largest churches in Vietnam. The original Phu Nhai church was built of wood in 1866 by the parish priest.
 
The church has a strong Spanish architectural style and was rebuilt in the style of French Gothic architecture. The church is 80m long, 27m wide and 30m high. Two 44m high bell towers have 4 bells cast from France.
 
4. Phat Diem stone church (Ninh Binh)
Phat Diem stone church is a community of Catholic churches with an area of ​​about 22 hectares, located in Phat Diem town, Kim Son district (Ninh Binh), about 120km of Hanoi to the south. The church was built of stone and wood, started to build from 1875 to 1898 then basically completed. The unique feature of this church is that although it is a Catholic church, it is modeled after the traditional communal architecture of Vietnam.
 
Ninh Binh province and Japanese researchers are finalizing documents on the architecture of Phat Diem church to ask UNESCO to recognize Phat Diem church as a world cultural heritage. Phat Diem stone church is considered as one of the most beautiful churches in Vietnam, which is compared to the Catholic capital of Vietnam.
 
5. Notre Dame Cathedral (HCMC)
As a symbol of Ho Chi Minh City, Notre Dame Cathedral was built by a French engineer named Bourard, started construction in 1877 and inaugurated in 1880. Located in the heart of Ho Chi Minh City, the structure is massive with two bell towers of 57m high, the cathedral of 133m long, 35m wide and 21m high. Under the two bell floors, there are 6 big bells. The whole church has 56 stained glass windows manufactured by Lorin Company of Chartres (France).

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